Glossary

When discussing medical treatment methods, one often encounters various medical terms and other foreign words. This is also the case on our website or in our brochures when we provide information on drainage of pleural effusion and ascites. To make the texts easier to understand, we have compiled some common terms with short explanations in our glossary.

Glossary

When discussing medical treatment methods, one often encounters various medical terms and other foreign words. This is also the case on our website or in our brochures when we provide information on drainage of pleural effusion and ascites. To make the texts easier to understand, we have compiled some common terms with short explanations in our glossary.


A B C D E F H I K L M O P R S T Ö Å


A

Albumin loss

reduction of the amount of protein in the blood (protein reduction)

Ascites

fluid accumilated in the abdomen (stomach)

B

Check valve

backflow protection for increased patient safety

Barium sulfate

X-ray contrast agent

Bronchopleural fistula

open communication between the pleural cavity and the bronchial tree

C

Circulatory collapse

temporary unconsciousness

D

DEHP

plasticiser in plastic

Dyspnea

respiratory distress

E

Electrolytic imbalance

disturbance of the normal level of certain chemical substances (e.g. sodium, potassium, calcium) in the blood or in body cells

Erythema

skin rash

F

Loculation

compartmentalization of the fluid in the pleural cavity

Phthalate

plasticisers (e.g. DEHP)

Phthalate exposure

come into contact with phthalates

H

Heimlich valve

check valve for increased patient safety

Hepatorenal syndrome

impaired kidney function

Hypotension

low blood pressure

I

Infection

the immune system’s response to infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, etc.

Incision

skin incisions during surgery, e.g. for catheter implantation

K

Clot

blood clot

Chylous fluid

milky-appearing fluid

L

Pulmonary emphysema

irreversible damage to the alveoli

M

Malignant

malicious

O

Occlusion

blockage of a hollow organ (eg a blood vessel) or a catheter

P

Peritoneal cavity

abdominal cavity

Peritoneum

membrane that forms a layer on the inside of the abdomen and surrounds the organs of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum)

Peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum (peritoneum)

Pleura

thin layer of tissue covering the lungs and lines the interior wall in the chest cavity

Pleural effusion

excess fluid in the pleural space

Pneumothorax

air in the space between the lung and the chest wall

R

Recurrent fluid

recurring fluid

S

Septum

partition wall between spaces separated in a body cavity (e.g. abdomen).

Septa formation

connective tissue (septa) that can form separate compartments in a body cavity (e.g. in the abdominal cavity)

Serous

consists of blood serum

Subcutaneous tissue

tissue under the skin

T

Treatment-Refractory

not responding to treatment

Thorax

rib cage

Thoracic drainage

draining of blood, secretions or air from the pleural cavity (the space between the ribs and the lung)

Ö

Edema

swelling caused by fluid retention

Å

Re-expansion pulmonary edema

accumulation of fluid in the lung tissue caused by a sudden expansion of the previously compressed lung; acute respiratory distress